2020学堂在线(学堂云3.0、Pro)Transforming Our World慕课答案,学堂在线Transforming Our World慕课答案单元章节答案、期末考试答案

2020学堂在线(学堂云3.0、Pro)Transforming Our World慕课答案,学堂在线Transforming Our World慕课答案单元章节答案、期末考试答案 - 2020学堂在线(学堂云3.0、Pro)答案 - 课查查

What will it take to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030?

  • Prosperity, People, Planet, Peace, Partnership
  • Prosperity, Principles, Planet, Peace, Partnership
  • Prevent, Preserve, Protect, Plan, Peace
  • Poverty, Perseverance, Planning, Protection, Partnership

  • 30
  • 15
  • 10
  • 12

  • 305, 150
  • 169, 304
  • 304, 169
  • 150, 305

  • Feedback data
  • High-end technology
  • Defining key metrics
  • Setting up milestones

  • Digging deep into the earth to obtain fossil fuel.
  • Moving the energy system from fossil fuels to renewables and other low carbon technologies.
  • Chemically changing the composition of fossil fuels.
  • Switching from electricity to fossil fuels.

  • True
  • False

  • True
  • False

  • True
  • False

  • Participate in public-private partnerships.
  • Evade royalty payments for natural resources.
  • Not depend on government partnerships.
  • Businesses can't do much to help reach the SDGs.

  • The UN Economic and Social Council(ECOSOC)
  • The UN Global Compact
  • The World Business Council on Sustainable Development

  • The United States, East Asia, Western Europe
  • The United Kingdom, The United States, East Asia
  • Japan, Korea, London
  • China, Japan, The United Kingdom

  • Grant allocations to universities to strengthen their infrastructure.
  • US Congress to allocate grants to universities to encourage research in the field of technology.
  • US Congress to allocate to each state, land to build a local university which would play a role in the development of the local economy of that state.

  • MDGs had a focus on developing countries where funding came from rich countries. All countries, developed or developing, are expected to work towards achieving SDGs.
  • While MDGs were focused with only 17 goals and 169 targets, SDGs include 8 goals, 63 indicators and 21 targets.
  • MDGs had a time span of 10 years. SDGs have a time span of 20 years.
  • MDGs had no concrete role for the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), whereas SDGs have paid attention to this right from the framing stage itself with significant engagement of civil societies.
  • The idea of the SDGs was launched in June 2012 at the Rio Earth Summit.
  • MDGs were highly unsuccessful in bringing down the rate of poverty over a period of 25 years.
  • Three basic pillars of the SDGs are economic development, social inclusion and environmental sustainability.

  • We need global cooperation on technology research, development, demonstrationm and diffusion.
  • New information and communication technologies offer breakthroughs only for rich countries in delivering services, better quality and low cost solutions.
  • Technology solutions can be helpful in attaining SDG 3 but are not efficient vehicles for attaining SDG 4.
  • We need local innovation to handle local needs and not depend solely on technologies coming from abroad.
  • Information and communication technology can play a very essential role in helping achieve the SDGs.
  • Technology solutions can be helpful in attaining SDG 3 and SDG 4 but can not play a role in protecting ecosystems and fighting poverty.
  • Universities have a unique role in enabling the world to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

  • National and Global level reviews where governments would be called upon to report a set of global indicators under the auspices of Economic and Social Council.
  • Ensuring knowledge dissimination, across states, on SDGs through published reports.
  • Focussing and investing in private buisnessesto ensure inclusion, justice and environmental sustainability.
  • Head of State Summit where world leaders present their progress on the SDGs.

  • Public sector programs such as the United States PEPFAR brought public funding and public support alongside private efforts to make antiretroviral medicines reach the poorest of people.
  • Antiretroviral medicines produced by private companies, ensured their reach to the remotest corners of the world, with minimal support from the public sector.
  • Public efforts are majorly responsible for providing infrastructure, education access and health coverage while businesses are primarily responsible for RDD and D of sustainable technologies.
  • Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria supported the private efforts and brought public funding to make drugs available for fighting the disease.

  • Universities promote a global culture of education where students from different parts of the world can come to study and play a role in promoting the local culture.
  • Universities instill education, entrepreneurship and business development and promote creation of environmnet for new start ups and ICTs.
  • Local universities promote research and development which is majorly focussed towards the local needs of the community, thus contributing to the upliftment of the local economy.
  • Universities play a role in the dynamism of the economy in the innovative process and enable skilled people to contribute through innovation and new technologies to further economic development.

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