English literature began with the ( ) settlement in England.
Beowulf, written about the life of England in the ( ) society, is said to be the national epic of the English people.
Beowulf is written in the form of ( ), a popular form of poetry in Anglo-Saxon literature.
The medieval period is often called the Dark Age for the dominating power of ( ) over everything in the society.
The central character of a romance is ( ), who follows the code of behavior called chivalry.
The stories of ( ) are the most well-known ballads, songs of stories told orally in 4-line stanzas.
Piers the Plowman written by William Langland in the form of ( ) represents the achievements of popular literature of Medieval England.
( ) is considered the father of English poetry, whose most representative work is The Canterbury Tales.
The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories strung together and told by 30 pilgrims on their way to pilgrimage, is written in the form of ( ).
The key-note of the Renaissance is ( ).
It was ( ) who first introduced and reformed the English drama which reached its climax in the hands of William Shakespeare.
Great writers of the English Renaissance who are known for humanism, took ( ) as the centre of the world and voiced the human aspirations for freedom and equality.
Shakespeare is hailed by ( ), contemporary with Shakespeare, as "not of an age, but for all time".
Hamlet is characterized as a(an) ( ) on that, he loves good and hates evil; he is a man free from prejudice and superstition; he has unbounded love for the world and firm belief in the power of man.
Edmund Spenser was considered the ( ) for his achievements in poetry.
( ) is a distinctive verse form adopted by Edmund Spenser in his works incluiding his masterpiece The Faerie Queene. It has 9-line stanzas, rhyming in ababbcbcc.
Francis Bacon won for himself the first English ( ) for his achievements in English literature of the Renaissance.
The most representative work of Francis Bacon is ( ), which is the first collection of English essays.
( ) is regarded as the greatest prose writer in the English literature of the 17th century, who is best known for his work The Pilgrim's Progress.
The Pilgrim's Progress is written in the form of ( ) .
"The Metaphysical Poets" refer to the loose group of 17th-century English poets whose work was characterized by the inventive use of ( )
In his "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning", John Donne makes a most impressive comparison between love and ( ) as the dominant conceit of the poem.
The 17th century of English history was marked mainly by the English Bourgeois Revolution which ended with the establishment of ( ) as a compromise between the bourgeoisie and the monarchy.
( ) was the religious cloak of the English Bourgeois Revolution which advocated God's supreme authority over human beings.
Puritan poetry in the 17th-century English literature is represented best by ( ), who produced Paradise Lost as his representative work.
Throughout his life, Milton showed strong rebellious spirit agaisnt many things he thought unjust and acted as the voice of ( ) of England under Oliver Cromwell.
“On his Blindness” and “On his Deceased Wife” are the two best-known of Milton's ( ).
Milton’s Paradise Lost employs the themes taken from ( ) of the Christian Bible.
The central theme of Paradise Lost is ( ).
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement throughout Western Europe in the 18th century which was an expression of the struggle of bourgeoisie against ( ).
Among the English Enlighteners of the 18th century, there were chiefly two groups: the ( ) group and the radical group.
The Tatler, a British literary and society journal begun by Richard Steele in 1709, featured cultivated essays on ( ).
As a distinctive way, ( ) are adopted by the neo-classicist playwrights in the 18th-century English literature.
( ) writers in the 18th-century English literature modelled themselves on the Greek and Roman writers in their dramatic writings.
Alexaner Pope was a master of poetry in heroic couplet. He strongly advocated ( ), emphasizing that literary works should be judged by classical rules.
Daniel Defoe is an early proponent of the ( ) novel whose masterpiece Robinson Crusoe tells about the adventures of a sailor on the sea and on an island.
As one of the greatest satirists in the 18th century, ( ) made use of satire to attack social evils and call for social changes in his Gulliver's Travels.
Gulliver' s Travels tells about the adventures of Gullliver through the fairy tale of fantasy which is a great satire on ( ).
( ), the greatest realist novelist of the 18th-century English literature, is also considered the father of the English novel.
Tom Jones shows Fielding's philosophical view of "return to ( )". Thus, in characterization, a contrast is made between Tom Jones, the good-nautured though flawed man, and Bilfil, the hypocritical villain.
Sentimentalism of English literature got its name from Lawrence Stern's novel ( ) in which Sterne tries to catch the actual flow of human mind and sentiment.
Sentimetalism is also found in Samuel Richardson's ( ) novels which convey female characters' feelings and sentiments.
The only poet of the sentimentalist school of literature is Thomas Gray, whose well-known "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" earned for him the name of a "( ) Poet".
Oliver Goldsmith's The Vicar of Wakefield conveys his reflections on the relations between sentimentalism and ( ) in the 18th-century English literature.
The latter half of the 18th century English literature was marked by a strong protest against the bondage of classicism and a recognition of the claims of passion and emotion which is later known as ( ).
Robert Burns is the best known of the poets who have written in the ( ) dialect.
Romanticism preferred ( ) to reason and rationalism. To William Wordsworth, poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.
The joint publication of ( ) in 1798 by Wordsworth and Coleridge marked the beginning of the Romantic movement in England.
To Wordsworth, the theme of poetry should be concerned with ( ), the language of peotry should be plain, and the people poetry should deal with are country folk.
In "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud", "the inward eye" refers to ( ), which is a metaphor to appeal to the reader's imagination of the author's inner feelings.
In “The Solitary Reaper”, the feeling of ( ) is clearly conveyed to the reader, especially in the first stanza.
Percy Bysshe Shelley belongs to the school of ( ) romantic poets, whose masterpiece Prometheus Unbound owes much to the Greek tragedy Prometheus Bound.
( ) is Shelley's bestknown lyric in which he calls forth the overthrowing of the old social system and bringing destruction to it.
Walter Scott is the only novelist of the romantic literature of the 19th-century England and his novels are mainly ( ) novels as far as genre is concerned.
Scott's historical novels touch upon the subject matters of the history of ( ), the history of England and the history of European countries.
Jane Austen's novels mainly concern such issues as the ( ) of young women. Because of the use of satire and criticism of social prejudices, she is considered as a realist novelist rather than a romantic writer.
The Bronte sisters refer to Charlotte, Emily and Anne Bronte, with the elder two represented by Jane Eyre and ( ) respectively.
Of the women writers in the 19th century English literature, ( ) is the only one that deals with the life of the working-class people, represented by her novel Mary Barton.
The novels of George Eliot mostly deal with ( ) problems and contain psychological studies of the characters.
In response to the social, political and economic problems associated with industrialisation, ( ) novel becomes the leading genre of the Victorian literature.
The first period of Charles Dickens’s literary career is characterized mainly by ( ) and the novels are filled with moral teachings.
Thomas Hardy is the most representative realist in the later decades of the Victorian era, whose principal works are the ( ) novels, i.e., the novels describing the characters and environment of his native countryside.
In the aesthetic movement of the 19th century, "Art for Art's Sake" can simply mean the focus on ( ) rather than on deep meaning of literary works.
( ) is a type of poetry written in the form of a speech of an individual character whose spiritual world is conveyed to the reader through the author's subtle psychological analysis.
"Break, Break, Break" is a short lyric poem written by Alfred Tennyson which is a(n) ( ) for the poet to reveal his grief over the death of his friend.
Thomas Carlyle's non-fiction The French Revolution: A History was the inspiration for Charles Dickens' s novel ( ).
John Ruskin was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era. In his Modern Painters, he argued that the principal role of the artist is ( ).
In his Culture and Anarchy, ( ) showed his deepest contempt for and most frequent attack on the middle-class Philistines who he thought lacked culture.
Writers, artists and composers we consider “modern” had their roots in the ( ) era which produced such writers as Joseph Conrad, E. M. Forster, W. S. Maugham, etc.
A Passage to India is set on Joseph Conrad's own experience in India which deals with the theme of ( ) in addition to persoal relationships.
( ) is admittedly an autobiographical novel which draws much on Maugham’s own experience.
"The Waste Land" is written by T. S. Eliot in which the theme of the ( ) of the post-World War I generation is declared to the reader.
Because of his Irish background, ( ) is thought to be the driving force of the Irish Literary Revival.
Ulysses, written by James Joyce and considered the most representative of the Egnlish stream-of-consciousness novels, is set in ( ), Ireleand .
The only female writer of the stream-of-consciousness novel is ( ), who produced such novels as To the Lighthouse, Mrs. Dalloway, The Waves, etc. .
D. H. Lawrence is a modernist novelist who makes reflections upon the dehumanizing effects of ( ) in his representative work Sons and Lovers.