2019智慧树(知到)《大学英语创新写作》答案_单元答案_期末答案_知到智慧树答案

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2019智慧树(知到)《大学英语创新写作》答案_单元答案_期末答案_知到智慧树答案 - 2019智慧树(知到)答案 - 课查查

大学英语创新写作建立在"词块教学法"理论基础上,强调的是"词块"而非词汇,语感而非语法。这门课程突出特点是着重对英语语言基本功和写作思维与意识的培养,注重写作过程的引导,将语言知识、语境知识、写作目的和写作技巧结合起来,贯穿其中的是对写作过程的指导和对中西思维方式的差异比较,使学生对英语写作有一个全新的认识。


以英语为母语的人往往是直线式思维,而以汉语为母语的人往往是螺旋式思维。
讲英语的人喜欢 “beating around the bush”,讲中文的人喜欢“expressing their ideas directly and frankly”。
英文表达透露出来“集体主义“倾向,而中文表达更注重“个人主义”倾向。
英文的句子结构像孔雀——头小尾巴大,而中文句子结构像雄狮子一般——头大尾巴小。
在抽象形式逻辑表达方面,印欧语系语言文字_______汉语。但是,在具体的象形直观表达方面,汉语_______印欧语系语言文字。
Find out the incorrect  parts and put the corresponding letter after the statement.           I think that she can to finish  the tasks by herself, for she never relies on others’ assistance.
Find out the incorrect  parts and put the corresponding letter after the statement.          Tomorrow I will in Beijing University to attend an international academic conference, and one of my best friends
Find out the incorrect  parts and put the corresponding letter after the statement.          In the past 3 years, great changes have been taken place in my hometown. For example, loads of buildings have been torn away and rebuilt.
Find out the incorrect  parts and put the corresponding letter after the statement.         There will be many students come to attend my classes because I am a popular lecturer at my university.
Find out the incorrect  parts and put the corresponding letter after the statement           She is an university student majoring in English literature, which is a promising subject for her to find an ideal job.
Read the following paragraphs carefully and rearrange the paragraphsParagraph1.I believe that advances in technology make the world better. The following are three reasons that I have to support my opinion.  A. Next, advances in technology allow people to be more connected with each other. The Internet, for example, has allowed businesses and people to communicate with each other much more easily than older methods such as phone, fax or mail. B. Many people oppose advances in technology because they are both  worried of the current level of technology and afraid of potential problems that may be caused by future technologies. However, the most important point to remember is that technology will always be advancing, whether we want it to or not. Therefore, the best way to deal with this situation is to think about ways we can ensure that future advances in technology will not harm our quality of life. To put it another way, we cannot sacrifice our well-being for future conveniences. C. To begin with, technology makes the world better because it helps business people do their business more efficiently. Information technology and computers have made it possible for complicated tasks to be done in much less time than it would have taken without them. D. To sum up, I believe that technological advancement makes the world better! Furthermore, the potential dangers of technological advancement can be prevented by standards and regulations that protect the environment and uphold our morals.E. Finally, technology can help us to solve problems, even problems that other technologies created in the first place! On many occasions technology is developed and put into use before people know all of the potential negative side effects. Further research, however, can develop the technology even more so that we can take advantage of its benefits while avoiding its potential shortcomings.
Read the following disordered complaint letter and then rearrange the order:A. 26 May , 2018B. I bought the hair drier – a RAVLON 405 – on Sunday 22nd May. Unfortunately, the first time I tried to use it the handle became extremely hot and within a few minutes part of the plastic casing began to melt. I had to turn it off immediately.C. To resolve the problem, I would appreciate it if you could send me a full refund as soon as possible. Enclosed are the hair drier and a copy of the original receipt.D. Yours faithfully,   Ms Sabrina SariE. 48 Hill Road,   London, SE1 6PN.F. Then I returned it with the receipt to your shop on Monday. I explained the situation to one of the assistant and asked for my money back but was told I had to speak to you. Unfortunately you were not available that day so I am writing instead. G. The Manager   Design Shop,   12 Abbey Gate,   London, NW3 5AP.H. I am writing to complain about a hair drier bought in your shop last Sunday and about the treatment I received when I tried to return it a few days later.I. I look forward to your reply and a resolution to my problem. Thank you in advance.J. Dear Sir or Madam,
A. Getting your thoughts down on paper is not the final stage of writing a good paragraph or essay.B. There remains the rewriting of the first draft so as to shape your idea into a carefully style composition. C. Finally, for smoothness and balance, changes are made between sentences or paragraphs. D. A different word may be substituted for the original word because it is easier to understand, is more colorful, gives a more precise meaning, or provides variety. E. Ordinarily, editing involves changes at three points: in individual words, within sentences, and between sentences. F. At the sentence level, phrases may be put in different order, structures of modification revised, different verb structures selected, or the length of phrases or whole sentences may be altered. G. At the word level, spelling and capitalization are checked, but more creatively, words are often changed. H. Such changes, designed to clarify relationships between ideas, are often accomplished by punctuating more adequately, by introducing more effective transitional devices, or by restating or removing awkward phrases and sentences. I. Editing then—the self-conscious appraisal and revision of your own work—usually makes the difference between a merely acceptable and a truly superior piece of writing.
[A] As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.  [B] In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self¬consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的)research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.  [C] Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.  [D] Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习)abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to make it possible.  [E] Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a my 14research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.  [F] As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基础设施)and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.  [G] For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflations since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.  [H] American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.  [I] Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视)values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

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